Southeastern Europe – Europe Data Release


Across Albania, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Greece, and Cyprus, nearly 1,700 political violence and protests events were recorded, the majority of which are protests. Nearly half of these events took place in Greece. While protests make up the majority of events in each of these countries, the proportion of protests to riots has been nearly equal in Greece specifically, with frequent violence resulting from tensions with refugee populations and from rioting by anarchist groups. Protests against government policies resulting in high fuel prices and negative socio-economic conditions generally surged in Bulgaria, and student-led protests increased in Albania in late 2018 and early 2019. North Macedonia’s mid-2018 name change agreement prompted unrest both in that country and in Greece throughout the year. Farmers in Greece held country-wide protests against high taxation, in particular on fuel, in January 2019. Violence and explosives targeting government buildings in Greece in February 2019 potentially signal further unrest to come.

© 2019 Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project (ACLED). All rights reserved.

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Melissa Pavlik
Melissa Pavlik
Melissa Pavlik is a Research Analyst at ACLED studying overarching trends of armed conflict across and within ACLED’s regions of study. She has degrees in Statistics and Political Science from the University of Chicago, and is currently studying in the War Studies Department at King’s College London. Her research focus include violent non-state actors and the intersection between the international political economy and political violence.
Lennart Landman
Lennart Landman
Lennart Landman is the Research Manager for Europe and Central Asia at ACLED, where he oversees the real-time coding, weekly analyses, and the expansion of coverage into new countries. He previously worked as a researcher on European security and defence issues for the Clingendael Institute in The Hague. He holds an MA in International Relations and is a PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen.


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