Famous Waterfalls of India


Famous Waterfalls of India

Waterfall                            Height
Kunchikal Falls                               455 metres
Barehipani Falls                              399 metres
Langshiang Falls                             337 metres
Nohkalikai Falls                              335 metres
Nohsngithiang Falls                        315 metres
Dudhsagar Falls                              310 metres
Agaya Gangai                                 307 metres
Kynrem Falls                                   305 metres
Thalaivar Falls                                297 metres
Barkana Falls                                  259 metres
Jog Falls                                            253 metres
Duduma Falls                                  157 metres
Palani Falls                                       150 metres
Lodh Falls                                        143 metres
Chachai Falls                                   130 metres
Kalhatti Falls                                   122 metres
Shimoga, Karnataka Mayurbhanj, Orissa Meghalaya Meghalaya
East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya Goa
Tamil Nadu
East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya Tamilnadu
Shimoga district; Karnataka Shirnoga district, Karnataka Koraput district, Orissa
Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh Jharkhand
Rewa district, Madhya Pradesh Chikkamagaluru district, Karnataka Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh Mysore, Karnataka
Ranchi district, Jharkhand
western Rajasthan are of an ephemeral character.
 Indus rises near Mansarovar in Tibet and flows through India & thereafter Pakistan and then falls into the
Arabian Sea near Karachi.
 Bhagirathi and Alaknanda, joins at Dev Prayaga to form the Ganga. It traverses through
Uttarakhand, U.P., Bihar and W.B. states. Yamuna meets Ganga at Allahabad.
 The Padma and the Brahmaputra join at Bangladesh and continue to flow as the Padma or Ganga.
 The Brahmaputra rises in Tibet, where it is called as Tsangpo, when it enters Arunachal Pradesh, it is
called as Debang. Near Passighat, the Dihang and Lohit joins the river Brahmaputra. It crosses into
Bangladesh downstream of Dhubri. The Brahmaputra in Bangladesh fed by Tista, etc. finally falles into
 The principal tributaries of Brahmaputra in India are the Subansiri, Jai Bhareli, Dhansiri,
Puthimari, Pagladiya and the Manas.
 The Barak river, the Head stream of Meghna, rises in the hills in Manipur. The important tributaries of
the river are Makku, Trang, Tuivai, Jiri, Sonai, Rukni, Katakhal, Dhaleswari, Langachini, Maduva and
Jatinga. Barak continues in Bangladesh till the com bined Ganga-Brahma-putra join it near Bhairab
 The Godavari in the Southern Peninsula has the second largest river basin covering 10% of the
area of India. Next to it are the Krishna, the Mahanadi, the Narmada and the Kaveri. The basin of the
Narmada and of the Kaveri are about the same size, though with different character and shape.
 Very few rivers drain into the sea near the delta of east coast and there are as many as 600 such rivers on the
west coast.
Cauvery, (6) Mahanadi, (7) Pennar, (8) BrahmaniBaitarani, (9) Sabarmati, (10) Mahi, (11) Narmada and (12)

 old alluvium
 always above the level of flood plain
 impregnated with calcareous concretions known as kankar
 not suited for cultivation
 known as ‘DHAYAS’ in Punjab
 new alluvium
 flooded almost every year
 characterised by clay soil which is fertile
 intensive agriculture

is practised
 it is called ‘BET’ in Punjab
 The eight composite river basins combining suitably together all the other remaining medium and
small river systems for the purpose of planning and management are : (1) Subernarekha, (2) East
flowing rivers between Mahanadi and Pennar, (3) East flowing riv ers between Pennar and
Kanyakumari, (4) Area of Inland Drainage in Rajasthan Desert, (5) West flowing rivers of Kutch and
Saurashtra including Luni, (6) West flowing rivers from Tapi, (7) West flowing rivers from Tadri to
Kanyakumari and (8) Minor rivers draining into Myanmar and Bangladesh
Bundla Falls                                     100 metres
Shivanasamudra Falls                   98 metres
Hundru Falls                        98 metres


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