Some mportant Amendments
1st Amendment (1951) : Added Ninth Schedule. This amendment provided several new grounds of restrictions to the right to freedom of speech and expression and the right to practice any profession or to carry on any trade or business as contained in the Article 19 of the Constitution.
7th Amendment (1956) : Re-organisation of States (14 States, 6 U.T.$)
10th Amendment (1961) : Incorporation of Dadra & Nagar Haveli as a U.T.
12th Amendment (1962) : Incorporation of Goa, Daman & Diu as a U.T.
13th Amendment (1962) : Created Nagaland as a State.
14th Amendment (1962) : Inclusion of Pondicherry in the First Schedule
18th Amendment (1966) : Reorganisation of Punjab State & creation of Punjab,. Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.
22nd Amendment (1969) : Creation of Meghalaya as a Sub-state.
24th Amendment (1971) : This amendment was passed in the context of a situation that emerged with the verdict in Golaknath’s case by Supreme Court. Accordingly, this Act amended Article 13 and Article 368 to remove all doubts regarding the power of Parliament to amend the Constitution including the Fundamental Rights.
27th Amendment (1971) : Establishment of Manipur and Tripura as States and Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh as U.T.
31st Amendment (1973) : The total strength of Lok Sabha was increased from 525 to 545 (on the basis of Census-1971)
36th Amendment (1975) : Established Sikkim as a State.
38th Amendment (19,75) : It seeks to make a declaration of Emergency non-justiciable and places beyond the jurisdiction of Courts, the Ordinances and Proclamation of Emergency issued by the President, Governors and Lt. Governors.
|39th Amendment (1975) : Placed beyond judicial scrutiny, the election of President, Prime Minister and Chairman to either House of Parliament.
42nd Amendment (1976) : The working of the Preamble is changed from “Sovereign Democratic Republic” to read as “Sovereign Secular Democratic Republic”. The Life of the Lok Sabha and all State Assemblies is extended from 5 to 6 years. It lays down 10 Fundamental Duties for all citizens, existing 12 principles of state policy have been expanded and given precedence over Fundamental Rights.
44th Amendment (1978) : Deletion of Right to Property from the Fundamental Rights. Limiting the declaration of Emergency only to cases of Armed Rebellion. The restoration of life of Lok Sabha and State Assemblies to 5 years.
52nd Amendment (1985) : Added Tenth Schedule which contains provisions as to disqualification on ground of defection.
53rd Amendment (1986) : Granted statehood to the UT of Mizoram
55th Amendment (1986) : Granted statehood to the UT of Arunachal Pradesh
56th Amendment (1987) : Goa was made a State. 61st Amendment (1989) : It reduced the voting age from 21 to 18 years.
71st Amendment (1992) : Konkani, Manipur’ and Nepali were included in the Eighth Schedule.
72nd Amendment (1992) : Panchayati Raj Bill passed, Constitution of Panchayats at Village and other levels, Direct elections to all seats in Panchayats and reservation of seats for the SCs and STs and fixing of tenure of 5 years for Panchayats.
73rd Amendment (1992) : Nagarpalika bill passed, Constitution of Three type of municipalities, reservation of seats for SC, ST and women.
74th Amendment (1993) : A new Part IX-A relating to the Municipalities has been incorporated in the Constitution to provide for among other things, constitutions of three types of Municipalities, i.e., Nagar Panchayats for areas in transition from a rural area to urban area, Municipal Councils for smaller urban areas and Municipal Corporations for larger urban areas.
80th Amendment (2000) : Deals with an alternative scheme for sharing taxes between the Union and the states.
81st Amendment (2000) : Provides that the unfilled vacancies of a year reserved for SC/ST kept for being filled up in a year as per Article 16, shall be considered separately for filling vacancies in the succeeding year and the previous list will not be considered for filling the 50% quota of the respective year.
82nd Amendment (2000) : Provides that nothing in the article 355 shall prevent the state from making any provisions in favour of the members of SC/ST for relaxation in qualifying marks with respect to examination/job/promotion.
|83rd Amendment (2000) The Act amended Article 243M to provide that no reservation in Panchayats be made in favour of SC/ST in Arunachal Pradesh where the whole population is tribal.
84th Amendment (2001) : The Act amended provisions to Article 82 and 170(3) to readjust the territorial constituencies in the States, without altering the number of seats allotted to each State in House of People and Assemblies, including the SC and ST constituencies 1991,
85th Amendment (2001) : Amended Aricle 16(4A) to provide for consequential seniority in promotion by virtue of rule of reservation for the Government servants belonging to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.
86th Amendment (2002) : Provides for (i) insertion of a new article 21A that the State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such manner as the state may, by law, determine.
87th Amendment (2003) : This Article provides that in Article 81 of the Constitution, in clause (3), in the provision, in clause (ii), for the figures “1991”, the figures “2001” shall be substituted.
88th Amendment (2003) This Article provides for the insertion of a new ARticle 268A which states that taxes on services shai be levied by the Government of India and such tax shall be collected and appropriated by the government of India and the States in the manner provided in Clause (2).
89th Amendment (2003) : This Article provides for the amendment of Article 338 and insertion of a new article 338A which provides that there .shali be a National Commission for ST.
90th Amendment (2003) : This Amendment provided that for elections to the Legislative Assembly of the State of Assam, the representation of the Scheduled Tribes and non-Stheduled Tribes in the constituencies included in the Bodoland Territorial Areas District, so notified, and existing prior to the Constitution of the Bodoland Territorial Areas District, shall be maintained.
91st Amendment (2003) : This Article provides that the total number of Ministers, including the Prime Minister, in the Council of Ministers shall not exceed fifteen per cent of the total number of members of the House of the People.
92nd Amendment (2003) : This Article provides for the inclusion of four new languages, viz. Bodo, Dogri, Maithili and Santhali in the Eighth Schedule
of the Constitution.
93rd Amendment (2005) : In this Amendment, a provision has been inserted that the state (i.e. Parliament or other legislatures) can make laws for the advancement of the SC, ST or the OBCs of citizens in matters of admission to educational institutions, including private unaided institutions.