SACRED BUDDHA RELICS IN SIR LANKA
It was for the first time that India voted in favour of any resolution criticising human rights record of an individual country.
While the relics have earlier travelled to Sri Lanka in 1978, their proposed trip to the country this time has sparked a controversy.
The sacred Kapilavastu relics travelled from India to Sri Lanka for an exposition The relics that will have the status of a head of state was displayed across several locations in Sri Lanka between August 20 and September 4, 2012. The exposition opened at the Kapilawasthu Hall in Manel Watta Maha Viharya, Kelaniya, and go on to seven other locations across the island nation. Discovered 113 years ago by the fIrst director of the Archaeological Survey of India, Alexander Cunningham. the Kapilavastu relics are believed to contain Gautam Buddha’s remains. The relics were found during excavations at Piprahwa in present day Bihar.
Pipra.hwa is believed to be the ancient Kapilavastu where Buddha renounced worldly pleasures. The relics were being taken to Sri Lanka following a special request made by Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to allow the Buddhists in the island nation to pay homage to them. The National Museum will transport the relics in a special casket made for the purpose.
While the relics have earlier travelled to Sri Lanka in 1978, their proposed trip to the country this time has sparked a controversy. MDMK reader Vaiko had in May written to the PM advising against taking the relics to Sn Lanka. But still these are important part of Track II diplomacy or say soft diplomacy that counters the bitterness in feeling for any act that mutually any nation has to take that is not on conformity for the other nation here for example what India had to do at the UN voting against SL regarding its human rights violations for 10P.
|INDIA INCREASES EDUCATIONAL AID TO SRI LANKATo assist the meritorious Sri Lankan students, India announced a substantial increase in India’s educational assistance, amounting to 2.5 billion Sri Lankan Rupees in grant-funding. This will mark a three-fold increase in the scholarships and self-financing slots for undergraduate, masters and doctorate-level courses.|
Pakistan without its eastern linkage lies on the border of South Asia. It shares close ideological affinity with the Islamic West Asian State system. Pakistan may be described as a major power of the region and classified. as a ‘bargainer’
or a ‘partner’ in the South Asian state system. Pakistan does not have the ability to substitute India as a leader of the region, yet it can bargain with India for partnership in the decision-making of the region.
iii) The other type of countries would include the smaller countries like Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Maldives. They can pose problems to the core power through extra regional intervention, or their own internal stability. They can also legitimise the dominance of the core power by acceptance of the balance of power in the region.
iv) The major and most active power relationships in South Asia are affected by the intrusive powers. 7rhes6 extra regional powers, like the United States, Russia (formerly USSR), China and others have influenced policies of the region. All the South Asian countries, including India, have sought to use the extra regional powers’ ability to influence to their advantage.
India is Sri Lanka’s closest neighbour. The relationship between the two countries is than 2,500 years old and both sides have built upon a legacy of intellectual, cultural, religious and linguistic intercourse. Relations between the two countries have also matured and diversified with Both Sides of the News as media presented at that time ….Reproduced as it is to have a perspective to our readers.
PM WRITES TO RAJAPAKSA: WE BALANCED UNHRC RESOLUTION
Echoing the line that New Delhi has taken ever since voting in support of a resolution against Sri Lanka at the UN Human Rights Council two days ago, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has told Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa that it was ec…i.cause of India’s efforts that a ‘balance’ had been introduced into the resolution. In a letter to Rajapaksa just before leaving for Seoul on a four-day visit, Singh said India would like Sri Lanka to do towards ensuring a political settlement of the conflict in the Tarn!- dominated areas of the island nation. “With regard to the matter of the resolution in the UN Human Rights Council, I had instructed our delegation to remain in close contact with its Sri Lanka counterparts in an attempt to find a positive way forward. Your Excellency would be aware that we spared no effort and were successful in introducing an element of balance in the language of the resolution,’ Singh said. Singh’s letter came in response to a letter written by Rajapaksa to him on March 19„ ahead of the vote in UNHRC. It was for the first time that India voted in favour of any resolution criticising human rights record of an individual country. causing much heartburn in Sri Lanka. The two main political parties in Tamil Nadu had put immense pressure on the central government to vote in favour of the US-sponsored resolution. While appreciating the Sri Lankan efforts in providing relief and rehabilitation to populations affected by the conflict, Singh said the political grievances of the Tamil community in that country also needed to be addressed. ‘It is our conviction that a meaningful devolution package, building upon the 13th Amendment, would lead towards a lasting political settlement on many of these issues and create conditions in which all citizens of Sri Lanka, irrespective of their ethnicity, can find justice, dignity, equality and self-respect,” he said, offering India’s full support and help to such efforts. Meanwhile, sources said India’s vote at UNHRC was “consistent with its policy on Sri Lanka” and “consistent with what New Delhi believes in”. We have always had problems with the rest of the world telling a country what it should do inside its borders. Once we were able to get the necessary changes made in the language of the resolution, it was alright for New Delhi to vote in favour of it. India has always believed that the Tamil population must feel that they have control over their destinies and their future,” they said, adding that the vote would not jeopardize India’s relations with its neighbour.
LANKA: DOMESTIC COMPULSIONS FORCED FRIENDS TO VOTE FOR UN RESOLUTION
In an apparent reference to India, Sri Lanka said that “certain domestic compulsions” had forced some of its neighbours and traditional friends to vote for the UNHRC resolution censuring Colombo for alleged human rights abuses during the final stages of the ethnic conflict, Slamming the US-sponsored resolution adopted by the 47-member UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) in Geneva, Sri Lanka said it had countered the cardinal principle of international law. With 24 votes for, 15 against and eight abstentions, the UNHRC adopted the resolution.which noted with concern that the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC), an internal inquiry report in Sri Lanka, does not adequately address “serious allegations” of violations of international law during the final stages of the ethnic conflict between the Sri Lankan forces and the LTTE. Acting Foreign Minister Dew Gunasekera told parliament that external mechanisms should be only resorted to when domestic remedies are exhausttd. On India’s backing of the US Gunasekera said: “We are mindful of certain domestic compulsions that forced some of our neighbours and traditional friends to act in the way they did. We will not under any circumstances allow others to impose on us their advice or solutions.” The Lankan media proclaimed: ‘India is a loser’. –India has failed to carry Asia, or at least South Asia with it. In other words, Sri Lanka has won against India in Asia,’ the pro-government newspaper Island commented in lead, screaming that India had joined US to defeat Lanka. “The cornered badger bravely fought the mastiffs of neo-imperialism and went on fighting yesterday,” the Island said. The independent newspapers chose to highlight the Indian factor in the vote. Lakbima said: ‘US resolution adopted; India votes in favour’. Mawbima read, ‘Anti-Lanka resolution adopted.’ Divayina said, ‘Geneva resolution adopted…India says will ensure no harm to Sri Lanka’, and Lankacieepa read, ‘US resolution adopted_ India supports, China and Russia with Sri Lanka.’
DIVIK chief targets Jaya on Lankan Tamils issue : Continuing the war of words over the Lankan Tamils issue, DtvIK chief NI Karunanidhi slammed Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa for initially criticising the Prime Minister for his statement in Parliament one US sponsored resolution against Sri Lanka and later welcoming India’s stand while claiming credit for herself.