Registration of Political Parties
Section 29A of the Representation of the People’s Act, 1951 provides for registration of political parties by the Election Commission.
- A party registered with the Election Commission may be granted recognition as National or State Party.
- The Election Commission, on May 15, 2005 modified the conditions for recognition of National and State parties by amending the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968.
- Now, a party recognised as a state party in a minimum of four states will be eligible for the National Party status.
- However, this is in addition to the existing conditions that candidates set up by a party should secure at best 69/0 of the total votes, polled in a minium of 4 states and should have atleast 4 members in Lok Sabha elected in last elections from any state or states or its candidates should have been elected from atleast 20% of the total number of parliamentary constituencies in not less than 3 states,
- In case of a State Party, two additional conditions have been added In a general election, a party should win at least one seat for every 25 Lok Sabha seats or any fraction allotted to that state.
In a Lok Sabha election in that state the candidates of that party should secure at least 6C/0 of the total valid votes polled in all the parliamentary constituencies in the state and in addition the party should win at least one seat in Lok Sabha from the State.