As Singh went for a visit to Russia most recently , he said that the government takes people’s .concerns “seriously” but the lndo-Russian atomic cooperation “will continue

Annual Summits : Since 2000 the system of Annual Summit meetings has become a regular jeature.

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh recently said that India would fulfil all its commit­ments on bilateral nuclear cooperation with Russia while prioritising safety concerns raised by people in Koodankulam. As Singh went for a visit to Russia most recently , he said that the government takes people’s .concerns “seriously” but the lndo-Russian atomic cooperation “will continue”. “The protests at Koodankulam reflect the concerns of people about the safety of nuclear energy,” Singh said in an interview to Russian media (or is it aid war against Russian made technology sop that US has hegemony over Indian nuclear power set-ups through the money channeled through the NG0s, this we will discuss further down the write up in the relevant section). He pointed out that the facility had elicited environment and livelihood concerns among locals, He said the government has set up an independent group of experts to respond to all “legitimate and genuine concerns and fears of local people”.
However, he said, Russia had been a partner to India in times of difficulty, even when there were restrictions on nuclear commerce with India, and New Delhi was committed to its pledges as far as Moscow is concerned. Singh said India gives the highest priority to nuclear safety and he was of the view that the Russian leadership adheres to the same standards. “if we have to develop nuclear energy, it is essential that it is done with the support of the people,” he said. During Singh’s three-day visit for the 12th annual Indo-Russian Summit, seven to nine agreements are ex­pected to be signed to expand cooperation in defence, energy, health and science and technology. However, the contract for reactor construction at Koodankulam is unlikely to be signed.
India Russia Strategic Partnership’, in October 2000 (during the visit of then President Vladimir Putin to India), there has been a qualitative strengthening of the relationship. During the visit of President Dmitry Medvedev to India in December 2010, it was mutually decided to elevate the bilateral relationship to the level of a “Special and Privileged Strategic Partnership”.The two countries closely cooperate in diverse spheres, including defence, civil nuclear energy, space, science and technology, hydrocarbons, trade and investment, cultural and humanitarian fields, etc. To consolidate and advance the multifaceted bilateral ties, several dialogue inechani,ms, operating both at the political and official levels have been instituted to ensure regular interac­tion and follow up on the cooperation activities.

Annual Summits : 

Since 2000 the system of Annual Summit meetings has become a regular jeature. The Annual Summit meeting between the Prime Minister of India and the President of the Russian Federation is the highest and most important inechani, forbilateral interaction alternately in India and Russia. So 1.. eleven Summits have taken place. The 12th Annual Summit is likely to be held in late 2011 in Moscow.

Defence Cooperation :

India is one of the liArgest buyers of Russian military equipment and systems. Indo­Russian cooperation in this sphere hasThe India-Russia Inter Government. tal Commission on Military Technical Cooperation (IRIGC-MTC), co-chaired by Raksha Mantri and the Russian De­fence Minister is the main institutional mechanism for interaction in this. area Cooperation between the NSCS and the Russian Security Council : Regular contacts are maintained be­tween the National Security Advisor to the Prime Minister of India and the Secretary of the Russian Security Council. An institutionalized mecha­nism for interaction between NSCS and the Russian Security Council known the “Joint Coordination Group” is also in operation at the Deputy National Security Advisor level.

Foreign Office Consultations :

Under the Declaration of Strategic Partnership of the year 2000, a system for regular consultations between the Foreign Offices was instituted which provides for adoption of Protocol for consultations which is adopted by the Foreign Ministers and identifies specific subjects for closer bilateral Consulta­tions. Once adopted the Protocol is valid for two years. The present Protocol covers the period of 2011-2012.

Nuclear Cooperation :

Russia has been a trusted partner of India in the field of nuclear energy, the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project is a fine example of this cooperation. Units 1&:2 of the KKNP (V’S/ER 1000 units) built with Russian collaboration are currently tin‑transformed from a simple buyer-seller framework to a elaborate and ad­vanced cooperation involving joint R&D and joint production and marketing of state of the art defence technologies and systems. During the 11 thArumal Summit in New Delhi the two sides signed an agreement to jointly develop the Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft. BrahMos missile system is another shining ex­ample of this collaboration. Several other joint projects for co-development of cutting edge technologies are being pursued under the aegis of the bilateral defence cooperation.


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