an ever evolving domain
After the recent Earthquake that shook the North-Western part of Iran, US was among the first few nations to come out in the open to condole and offer assistance to the ‘people’ of Iran.
The writer intentionally wants to put this fact and would endeavor to make the seemingly `not-connected’ premise with the main title of the write-up.
In today’s world, pragmatism (and US was the original home of this ideology) is the “spinal-cord” on which rests a successful international-diplomacy. And, international interaction and “deal-making” not only guarantees a nation’s rightful position on the world arena but also plays a crucial role in maximizing (rather optimizing) the process of development within that nation. So, one school of thought precisely says that international relations (IR) must be an extension of the domestic politico-culture of the nation concerned.
India’s international diplomacy has really evolved from the halcyon days of Nehruvian ideological pragmatism to the present context which is rooted in pragmatic ideology. Post cold war and post 9/11, in a world which has evolved into global village with technological dimensions competing to negate boundaries and distances, India is still on the learning path to optimize its international negotiating skills.
Geopolitical faultlines criss-cross India’s neighbor.
Over the years India is also looking to increasingly take a balanced (say pragmatic) approach towards its relational dynamics with US and Russia. China is fast becoming the next “super-power”.
NAM clamouring on the international horizon for deserving place may be (if you like) as an antidote to the present so-called unipolar world and with its meet happening-even has come up with the issue- the scenes are continuously evolving on India’s foreign policy horizon.
The aforesaid is shaping the IR fraternity of the nation which is in a continuous process of change and transformation.
Pragmatism has been ruling the diplomatic domain in the recent past. Exemplifying this, has been the voting pattern of India at the UN General Assembly and UN Security Council (India is presently non-permanent member of UNSC).
Over the last decade India has also been the second fastest growing economy in the world (after China) and the economy and finances have become the core word that defines the IR in an era when war and battle seems a remote p05‑
INDIA’S FOREIGN POLICY
that will intricately decipher the international diplomacy of India and how it is evolving.
So, we at CSC are coming with the present issue with the “Special Section”
Our next issue will focus in a corollary manner about the economic interactions of India with the world, to complement the present context.
Both these topics have evolved into an important domain as far as UPSC exam is concerned. Creative and original thought is being expected from the students and we have made a sincere endeavour to bring out the same; with this issue, so that after going through it, you become adequately tooled to answer any and every aspect of IR.
For maintaining some bit of underlying coherence we have intentionally used some common terminologies as normative like the word `perspective’ in different meanings as and when applicable in that context.
We start with the contextual and ever evolving meaning of Foreign Policy and in particular Indian Foreign Policy. Then, as we move further into the text, we deal with nations (according to their importance vis-a-vis India) and some international institutions.
Some nations are important due to their geographical locations (there is an old saying in International Relations (IR) domain, and it goes like this, you can change everything but not your neighbour) while the other due to their strategic requirement for India; still some are and always will be placentally important due to the way the world has been in the past. You can include US, Russia and China also in the latter category.
The whole write-up is interspersed with any and every latest development that bears a long term relational dynamics of that particular nation or institution vis-A-vis India.
We have also, in all the bulkiness of the text, could have overlooked the new evolving arenas of significance as far as IR is concerned. But this was inexcusable on our part! So, in this domain we have taken e-diplomacy, Cy–her warfare, aid diplomacy, energy diplomacy, spy diplomacy, oil diplomacy and other emerging domains in the wide canvass called the International Relations; as and when required for the text. Having said all this it is but important to also mention that some of the nations that will be important in the coming days like the Scandinavian nations (also called Nordic countries in the IP lingua) have been dealt with an event based focus so that the Whole text does not become too clumsy.
So, once again wishing You with this for that our endeavour with
this write-up will certainly be of utility or you as far as the examination is concerned. Moreover, the same can also be consulted for knowing the general outlook on the IR vis-a-vis India.
sibility. The nation being on the verge of toppling Japan, to become the third
largest economy (in PPP terms); if we say, that IR has also become an extension of ER (economic relations), it won’t be an exaggeration of any sort