National Flag



National Flag


  • The ratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three. In the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel, which represents the chakra and was taken from the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. It has 24 spokes.
  • The design of the National Flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 22 July 1947. A tricolour was first accepted by the Indian National Congress in 1931, having ‘Charkha’ in place of ‘Chakra’ today.
  • The Flag Code of India, 2002, has taken effect from 26 January 2002 and supercedes the ‘Flag Code — Indias’ as it existed. Supreme Court declared the right to hoist flag as a Fundamental Right under Article 19(i)(a) of the Constitution in a major ruling on January 23, 2004.
  • As per the provisions of the Flag Code of India, 2002, there shall be no restriction on the display of the National Flag by members of general public, private organizations, educational institutions etc., except to the extent provided in the Emblems and Names (Prevention. of Improper Use) Act, 1950 and the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971 and any other law enacted on the subject.


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