Local Government

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Local Government

  • Municipalities The first Municipal Corporation was set-up in the former Presidency Town of Madras in 1688 and was followed by similar corporations in the then Bombay and Calcutta in 1726.
  • In order to provide for a common framework for urban local bodies and help to strengthen the functioning of the bodies as effective democratic units c self-government, Parliament enacted the Constitution (74th Amendment) Act, 1992 (known as Nagarpaiika Act) relating to municipalities in 1992.
  • Panchayats Article 40 of the Constitution which enshrines on the Directive Principles of State Policy lays down that the State shall take steps to organise village panchayats and endow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self-government.
  • In the light of the above„ a new Part IX relating to the Panchayats has been inserted in the Constitution.Rajasthan was the first state to set on Panchayati Raj System in 1959 followed by Andhra Pradesh.

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