Indian Islands


Indian Islands

Islands                  Significance
Diu                      Fishing island, Continuous beach structure
Salsette                Group of seven islands forms present Mumbai. 4th most densely populated island in the world.
Lakshadweep Coral islands
Aminidivi              Group of islands north of 11th parallel part of Lakshadweep
Minicoy                Corraline island
Sriharikota (AP) Spit island, Rocket launching site. Separates Pulicat lake from Bay of Bengal
Wellington            Kochi Naval base
New Moore           It emerged in the Bay of Bengal in the aftermath of the Bhola cyclone in 1970, and disappeared at some later
point. Both India and Bangladesh claimed sovereignty over it
Barren island        Only active volcano of India
Narcondum          Unsubrnerged islands of Andaman
Majuli             Large river island in the Brahmaputra river, in Assam, India. The Government of India has proposed to
nominate the name of Assam’s river-island, Majuli, for inclusion in the ‘cultural landscape’ category of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (Unesco) World Heritage list.
Butcher Island An island off the coast of Mumbai, India. It has an oil terminal used by the port authorities to offload it from oil tankers.
Cross Island    Located in Mumbai harbour, India. Host to an oil refinery and several large gas holders.
Great             It comprises five major islands.
Andaman        North Andaman, Middle Andaman, South Andaman, Baratang and Rutland Island.
Little Andaman Fourth largest of the Andaman Islands of India. It is home to the Onge tribe
Munroe                Located at the confluence of Ashtamudi Lake and the Kallada River, in Kollam district, Kerala, South India.
Named in honour of Resident Colonel John Munro of the former Princely State of Travancore.
Great Nicobar largest of the Nicobar Islands of India. Indira Point, its southernmost tip, is also the southernmost point of India. Largely covered by rainforest and known for its diverse wildlife.
Car Nicobar     Northernmost of the Nicobar Islands. The island was ravaged by the 2004 tsunami.

  • Sex ratio is defined as the number of females per thousand males. According to 2001 census, the sex ratio of India is 933. It was 972 at the beginning of the 20th century and thereafter show e d continuous decline until 1941.
  • Literacy : For the purpose of Census 2001, a person aged seven and above, who can both read and write with understanding in any language, is treated as Literate. Prior to 1991 Census, children below five years of age were necessarily treated as illiterates. According to 2001 census, the literacy rate in the Country is 64.84% (75.26% for males and 53.67% for females).

Kachativu        Island is given to Sri Lanka by India in 1974 on a conditional basis
Pamban          Located between peninsular India and Sri Lanka. The island is a part of India and forms the Rameswaram
taluk of the Ramanathapuram district of the state of Tamil Nadu
Kerala retained its position by being on top with a 90.86 per cent literacy rate, followed by Mizoram (88.80 0/0) and Lakshadweep (86.66 %).
Bihar with a literacy rate of 47.00 per cent ranks last in the country preceded by Jharkhand (53.56 %) and Jammu and Kashmir (55.52
11. 1,197 island territories of India are present in the Bay of Bengal and Arabean Sea.

  • India has an exclusive economic zone of 2.01 million sq. km. This EEZ provides 68% of its oil production and 2.82 million tonnes of fish production.
  • India’s trade 90 % by volume and 77% by value comes from sea. Entire import of oil and gas comes from sea to India.

India’s Population Growth during the 20th Century can be classified into 4 distinct phases as follows :
1901 – 1921 ->            Stagnant Population
1921 – 1951 –>          Steady Growth
1951 – 1981 —>         Rapid High Growth
1981 – 2001 –>          High Growth with Definite
signs of Slowdown
The growth rate in Census 1921 was negative. The year 1921 is known as the year of demographic divide. Whereas growth rate was maximum in Census 1971. India’s growth rate has declined from 23.86  (1991) to 21.34 % (2001).


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