The People’s Republic of China (PRC) was established on October 1, 1949
The two countries also jointly’ expounded the Panchsheel (Five Principles of Peaceful Co-existence) in 1954.
Capital – Beijing
Official language- Standard Chinese
President – flu jintao
Area- 9,M0,821 km
GDP (nominal)- $7.298 trillion
India and China have had ancient civilizational contact. In recent times, the process of development and diversification of bilateral relations has gathered pace. The focus is on enhancing mutually beneficial cooperation while simultaneously addressing differences.
In this section we have also discussed some important and recent developments in India’s relation with Mongolia.
The People’s Republic of China (PRC) was established on October 1, 1949, and India was the second noncommunist country to recognize it. Within a few months, pn April 1, 1950, India and China established diplomatic relations. The two countries also jointly’ expounded the Panchsheel (Five Principles of Peaceful Co-existence) in 1954. However, the things turned sour after India granted asylum to Dalai Lama in 1959. This offended China’s “one China policy” and also the Chinese global aspirations. The result was the Indo-China war of 1962 giving a big jolt to the bilateral relations.
India and China restored ambassadorial relations in August 1976. Higher political level contacts were revived by the visit of the then External Affairs Minister, A:B. Vajpayee in February 1979. The Chinese Foreign Minister Huang Hua paid a return visit to India in June, 1981.
The next ‘milestone was Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi’s visit to China in December 1988. During this visit, both sides agreed to develop and expand bilateral relations in all fields. It was also agreed to establish a Joint Working Group (JWG) – to seek fair, reasonable and mutually acceptable solution on the boundary questidn – and a Joint Economic Group (JEG). From the Chinese side Premier Li Peng visited India in December 1991. Prime Minister Narasimha Rao visited China in September 1993. The Agreement on the Maintenance of Peace and Tranquility along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the India – China Border Area was signed during this visit.
President R. Venkataraman paid a state visit to China in May 1992. This was the first Head of State-level visit from India to China. President Jiang Zemin’s state visit to India in November 1996 was similarly the first by a PRC Head of State to India. The four agreements signed during his visit included the one on CBMs in the Military Field along the LAC covering adoption of concrete measures between the two militaries to enhance exchanges and to promote cooperation and trust.
The Chinese side reacted sharply to India’s nuclear tests in May 1998. During the then External Affairs Minister Jaswant Singh’s visit to China in June 1999, both sides reiterated that neither country is a threat to the other. President K.R. Narayanan visited China in May -June 2000, marking a return to high level exchanges. Premier Zhu Rong,ji visited India in January 2002. MOUs and Agreements signed during the visit covered wide areas including tourism, water, space, science and technology etc.
Prime Minister A.B. Vajpayee visited China in June 2003 during which a Declaration on Principles for Relations and Comprehensive Cooperation was signed. This was the first comprehensive document on development of bilateral relations signed at the highest level between India and China. India and China concluded a border trade protocol to add a border crossing between Sikkim and Tibet Autonomous Region. The two Prime Ministers appointed Special Representatives to explore from the political perspective of the overall bilateral relationship the framework of a boundary settlement.Premier Wen Jiabao visited India in April 2005. A Joint Statement .