Foreign Policy is a plan of action adopted by a nation to govern international relations of its own with respect to other nations and all other global players in the interest of its own people welfare and security.
Foreign policy constitutes self-interest strategies chosen by the state to safeguard its national interests and to achieve its goals within international relations milieu and are strategically employed to interact with other countries.
In recent times, due to the deepening level of globalization and transnational activities, the states will also have to interact with non-state actors like Regional groupings and various other international governing bodies. The aforementioned interaction is evaluated and monitored in attempts to maximize the benefits of multilateral international cooperation. Since the national interests are . paramount, foreign policies are designed by the government through high-level decision making processes in accordance with ruling government’s policies. The institution deals with the formulation and execution of foreign policies are part of the State Department. The government appoints diplomats for the embassies and consulates around the world to persuade other nations to pursue its national interests in the welfare of its own people.
As Mentioned earlier a country’s foreign policy does not emerge from a vacuum; it is guided and shaped by that country’s history and culture, the political system and various other factors. Some of them like geography and the natural frontiers remain unchanged, while others like domestic and external environment frequently and at times unrecognizably change. Elements of continuity and change in a country’s foreign policy can be explained with reference to the important influence of these factors and forces. The influence of these determining factors on foreign policies of countries need not be uniform across the space and time span; it varies from country to country and from situation to situation.
Here, we will discuss different dimensions of Indian foreign policy comprehensively so as to make the whole succeeding test interesting.