F a u n a
The Zoological Surve
-of India (ZSI) with its headquarters in Kolkata ill-al 16 regional stations is
responsible for the faunal resources of India.
The mammals include the majestic elephant, thc gaur or Indian bison — the largest of existing bovines,
the great Indian rhinoceros, the gigantic wild sheep of the Himalayas, the swamp deer, the thamin
spotted deer, nilgai, the four -horned antelope, the Indian antelope or black buck — the only
representatives of these genera.
Amongst the crocodiles and gharials, the salt water crocodile is found along the eastern coast and in
the Andaman and Nicobar Islands A project for breeding crocodiles which started in 1974, has been
instrumental in saying the crocodiles from extinction.
The great Himalayan range has a very interesting variety of fauna that includes the wild sheep and
goats, tnarkhor, ibex, shrew and tapir. The panda and the snow leopard are found in the upper
reaches of the mountains
western Ghats. Eastern Ghats
It runs in NE to SW the direction parallel to the eastern coast from Orissa Orissa to the Nilgin hills.
Average elegation 600 m
Width varying from 100 200 km
divided into several parts by iawe rivers
Structural unity is lacking
No big river originates
It is almost parallel to SW Monsoon coming from the Bay of Bengal and does not cause much rainfall
The Nligiti hills in
-Tamil Nadu lies at the junction of FastPrn 8,, Western Ghats.