ASEAN-A GEOPOLITICAL COLLABORATION

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ASEAN-A GEOPOLITICAL COLLABORATION

 

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations is a geo-political and economic organiza­tion of ten countries located in Southeast Asia, which was formed on 8 August 1967 by Indonesia.

 In 2010, its combined nominal GDP had grown to US$1.8 trillion.

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations is a geo-political and economic organiza­tion of ten countries located in Southeast Asia, which was formed on 8 August 1967 by Indonesia. Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Since then, membership has expanded to include Brunei, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. Its aims include accelerating economic growth, social progress, cultural development among its members, protection of regional peace and stability, and opportunities for member countries to discuss differences peacefully
ASEAN covers a land area of 4.46 million km’, which is 3% of the total land area of Earth, and has a population of approximately 600 million people, which is 8.8% of the world’s population, The sea area of ASEAN is about three times larger than its land counterpart. In 2010, its combined nominal GDP had grown to US$1.8 trillion. If ASEAN were a single entity, it would rank as the ninth largest economy in the world, behind the United States, China, Japan, Germany, France, Brazil, the United Kingdom, and Italy. mediately rushed its assistance to the Maldives president, and helped defeat the coup attempt. President Gayoom’s civilian government was restored and the Indo-Maldives relations have since been further consolidated.
To conclude, the Indian policy to­wards the smaller powers of South Asia has been explicitly seen since the Indira Gandhi days. India supports and encourages regional democracies and has sought to tie up its regional primacy through series of regional, and bilateral arrangements, covering a wide range of agreements in the areas of defence, trade and science and technology. Yet diffi­culties continue to remain in coming to an understanding with India. Divisions and mistrust continues to dominate the region. The commonality of the region leads the small powers to continue to assert their differences so as to regain sense of identity and independence.

INDIA-ASEAN —To Counter China

India being among the nations that is toying with the idea to col­laborate closely with ASEAN, after ASEAN got enamoured with China (ASEAN +3; where three de­notes China, Japan and South Korea); so as to counter Chinese geopolitical aspirations to some extent. US loves this idea naturally as it is also wary of China and its recent assertiveness on the South China sea where even India had to give up some oil explorations off the coast of Vietnam under “pressure”. from the “dragon”. Here we bring in a brief discussion of this group.
The ten-member Association of South-East Asian Nations, ASEAN, does not do breakthroughs. The “ASEAN way” involves consensus, bonhomie and progress that is at best incremental and often imperceptible. Yet, as this year’s meeting of the club’s foreign ministers and “dialogue partners” in Bali wound up on July 23rd with the ASEAN Re­gional Forum, a security talking-shop, ASEAN could at least point to notice­able movement on two of East Asia’s perennial sources of tension.
At its meeting with China, ASEAN agreed on “guidelines” for implementing a 2002 declaration on a “code of conduct” to minimise the risk of conflict in the contested waters of the South China Sea. And in the margins of the ASEAN meetinp, NortfLand South Korea held their first public talks after two-and-a-half years. Prospects of a resumption of talks on getting rid of North Korea’s nuclear arsenal rose further when Hillary Clinton, America’s Secretary of State, used her time in Bali to Invite a North Korean negotia­tor for talks in New York. Meanwhile, Thailand and Cambodia, two ASEAN neighbours whose soldiers this year have been shooting at each other around the disputed border temple of Preah Vihear, kept their differences from souring the mood. All in all, the organisation and the host, Indonesia, which holds the ro­tating chairmanship, could congratulate themselves on a useful set of meetings.After fraught months even modest progress comes as a relief. In the South.

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