Agri Facte

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  • Great success has been achieved in introduction of new crops, such as soybean and sugar beet (both in 1960), and sunflower (in 1969) in India.
  • “Every thing else may wait but not agriculture” statement was given by J. L.Nehru.
  • Food grain production of India rose from 50 million tonne during 1950-51 to 241.07 million tonnes in 2010 – 11 (Fourth advanced estimate)
  • India is largest consumer of sugar and second largest producer of sugar with a production of 188 lakh tonnes (2009 – 10).
  • India is largest producer and consumer of black tea in world (Tea is grown in 16 states of India).
  • India is the largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices in the world.
  • In India, electricity generation by power utilities during 2009 –

10 was ………………………………………………………  796.3 Billion KWh

  • The per capita net availability of cereals and pulses in India during 2009 was 407 and 37 g / day, respectively.
  • During 2010 – 11 the procurement of wheat in central pool was 22.52 million tonnes.
  • During 2009 – 10 (kharif) the procurement of Rice was 31.46 million tonnes.
  • Area under soil conservation in the country during 2004 – 05 was 39.8 million ha
  • Irrigation potential created and utilized during 2002 – 07 (tenth plan) was 102.8 and 87.2 million ha, respectively.
  • National Policy for Farmers, 2007 has approved as a holistic approach for the development of the farm sector
  • India is the 4th largest producer of natural rubber with a share

of 8.5 % in world production in ………………………………………  2009

  • National Horticulture Mission (NHM) was launched for holistic

development of horticulture sector during …………………..  2005 – 06

  • The 18th Livestock Census (2007) has placed the total livestock population at 529.7 millions, and that of poultry birds at 648.8 millions.
  • Livestock Insurance Scheme was started during 2005 – 06 on pilot basis in 100 selected districts.
  • Commercial cultivation of Bt-cotton was started in India during

………………………………………………………………………………..  2002

  • The world’s first cotton hybrid H 4 was developed by C. T.

Patel at Surat (Gujarat) in……………………………………………… 1970

  • The world’s first inter-specific cotton hybrid Varalaxmi (G. hirsutum x G. barbadense) was developed by S.A.Patil at UAS,

                                                                         Dharwad in    1976

  • Ramie (Boehmeria nivea) belongs to family Utricaceae yields

strongest vegetable fibre from ……………………………………….  Stem

  • Central Institute of Horticulture (CIH) was established at Medziphema (Nagaland) under supervision of Horticultural Commissioner, DAC, Ministry of Agriculture, GOI, India during 2006.
  • The livestock and fisheries sector contributes 26.84 % to the GDP from agriculture and allied activities.
  • The livestock & fisheries sector contributed over 4.07 % to Total Indian GDP in 2008 – 09
  • India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world.
  • India possesses the largest livestock population in the world

                                                                                   after   Brazil

  • India rank first in respect of Buffalo and second in respect of cattle and goat population, third in respect of sheep, 4th in ducks, 5th in chickens and 7th in Camels in the world.
  • The first alkaloid to be isolated and crystallized was the drug morphine, isolated in 1805 from opium poppy (Papaver somniferum)
  • The first herbicide in world was 2, 4 – D developed in 1945 by Zimmerman and Hitchkock (USA)
  • Father of field plot technique is                J. B. Boussingault
  • Biggest cultivated fruit in world                Jack fruit
  • Oleoresin is extracted from      Chillies
  • Bacillus thuringiensis was discovered by                  S. Ishiwata
  • Transgenic crop having largest area in world is        Soybean
  • Which element is deficient in milk            Iron
  • Pashmina wool is obtained from Kashmiri                  Goat
  • Dolly clone (sheep) is created by            Wilmont
  • Hormone responsible for milk let down    Oxytocin
  • The important green house gas releases from paddy field &

wasteland ………….Methane

  • National Biodiversity Authority is located at               Chennai
  • Milk city of India is                  Anand
  • Year 2008 – 09 declared as “Food security and quality year” by GOI
  • Asia’s largest Tulip Garden (2008) is situated in        Srinagar
  • Golden rice is a rich source of vitamin ‘A’ have beta – carotene

about………… 37 ppm

  • Indian Lac Research Institute (ILRI), Ranchi (Jharkhand) now renamed as Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums (NINRG).
  • The first time avian influenza (bird flu) in poultry started in Hong Kong in 1997
  • The swine flue (Human disease) is caused by.. AH1N1 virus.
  • The first out break of avian influenza (H5N1 virus) was reported

in February: 2006 in ……………………………………………… Maharashtra

  • GEAC stands for Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee is the authority in India which recommends to grow Bt-crops belongs to Ministry of Environment and Forest
  • In India first public sector transgenic Bt cotton variety is

…………………..  Bikaneri Nerma (BN

  • India developed World’s first cloned buffalo in Feb 2009 and

also birth of Mithun calf ………..  through AI

  • Scientists developed World’s first cloned camel using DNA

harvested from an adult camel at….. Emirate of Dubai.

  • Maharashtra is having first position in area and production of fruits in the country ( 2008 – 09 ).
  • Tamil Nadu is having highest productivity ( 25.78 t / ha ) of fruits in the country followed by MP ( 25.68 t / ha ).
  • State having largest area (29, 000 ha) and production (2,34,000 MT) of flowers is Tamil Nadu followed by Karnataka (Area = 26,000 ha and production = 2,04,000)
  • WB is producing largest number of cut flowers in the country.
  • WB is number one in area and production of vegetables in the country followed by Uttra Pradesh.
  • In addition to CAU, Imphal one Central Agricultural University is going to be established at Jhansi (UP).

In addition to CAU, Imphal one Central Agricultural University is going to be established at Jhansi (UP). ECONOMY  CONSTITUTION  INDIA IAS NCERT DOWNLOAD BLOG  TheExamTimes.com

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