2011 Census Report

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Our CENSUS, Our FUTURE.
2011 Census Report
Provisional
 
In 1872, the first census was held in India.
Census 2011 is the 15th Census of India and 7th after independence.
Provisional 2011 Census Report
Census 2011 was held in two phases :

  • Houselisting and Housing Census
  • Population Enumeration

Reference Date : 0:00 Hours of 1st March 2011
The population of the country as per the provisional figures of Census 2011 is 1210.19 million of which 623.72 million (51.54%) are males and 586.46 million (48.46%) are females. The provisional figures of Census 2011 were released in New Delhi by Union Home Secretary Shri G.K.Pillai and RGI Shri C. Chandramouli.

Persons Males Females

Population 2001-2011

2001                                         2011

1028737436 121,01,93,422

532223090 62,37,24,248

496514346 58,64,69,174

%Growth

2001-2011 17.64 17.19 18.12

 
The major highlights of the Census 2011 (Provisional figures) are as under :
Population

  • The population of India has increased by than 181 million during the decade 2001-2011.
  • Percentage growth in 2001-2011 is 17.64; males 17.19 and females 18.12.
  • 2001-2011 is the first decade (with the exception of 1911-1921) which has actually added lesser population compared to the previous decade.
  • Top Five Populated States/UTs

U.P.                            19,95,81,477
Maharashtra              11,23,72,972
 
West Bengal 9,13,47,736
Andhra Pradesh            8,46,65,533

  • Least Five Populated States/UTs

Lakshadweep                                       64,429
Daman & Diu                                         2,42,911
Dadra & Nagar Haveli                          3,42,853
Andaman & Nicobar Islands               3,79,944
Sikkim                                                   6,07,688
Population Growth

  • The percentage decadal growth rates of the six most populous States have declined during 2001-2011 compared to 1991-2001:

Uttar Pradesh (25.85% to 20.09%)

  • Maharashtra (22.73% to 15.99%)
  • Bihar (28.62% to 25.07%)

West Bengal (17.77 % to 13.93%)

Andhra Pradesh (14.59% to 11.10%)

Madhya Pradesh (24.26% to 20.30%)

  • During 2001-2011, as many as 25 States/UTs with a share of about 85% of the country’s population registered an annual growth rate of less than 2% as compared to, 15 States/UTs with a share of about 42% during the period 19912001.
  • 15 States/UTs have grown by less than 1.5 per cent per annum during 2001-2011, while the number of such States/UTs was only 4 during the previous decade.

Population (0 – 6 Years)

  • The total number of children in the age-group 0-6 is 158.8 million (-5 million since 2001)

Twenty States and Union Territories now have over one million children in the age group 0-6 years. On the other extreme, there are five States and Union Territories in the country that are yet to reach the one hundred thousand mark
 

  • U.P. (29.7 million), Bihar (18.6 million), Maharashtra (12.8 million), M.P. (10.5 million) and Rajasthan (10.5 million) constitute 52% children in the age group of 0-6 years.
  • Population (0-6 years) 201)1-2011 registered minus (-)3,08 percent growth with minus (-)2.42 for males and -3.80 for females.
  • The proportion of Child Population in the age group of 0-6 years to total population is 13.1 percent while the corresponding figure in 2001 was 15.9 percent. The decline has been to the extent of 2.8 points.

Gender Composition

  • Overall sex ratio at the national level has increased by 7 points to reach 940 at Census 2011 as against 933 in Census 2001. This is the highest sex ratio recorded since Census 1971 and a shade lower than 1961. Increase in sex ratio is observed in 29 States/UTs.
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    • Three major States (J&K, Bihar & Gujarat) have shown decline in sex ratio as compared to Census 2001.
    • Kerala xvith 1084 has the highest sex ratio followed by Puducherry with 1038, Daman _St Diu has the lowest sex ratio of 618.
    • Child sex ratio (0-6 years) is 14. ticreasing trend in the child sex ratio (0-6) seen in Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil I Nadu, Mizoram and A&N Islands. In all remaining 27 States/UTs, the child sex ratio show decline over Census 2001.
    • Mizoram his the highest child sex ratio (0-6 Years) of 971 followed by Meghalaya with 970. Haryana is at the bottom with ratio of 830 followed by Punjab with 846.
    • Top 5 States/UTs (as per the Sex Ratio)

State/ UT                     Sex Ratio
Kerala                          1084
Puducherry                1038
Tamil Nadu                 995
Andhra Pradesh        992
Chhattisgarh              991

  • Least 5 States/UTs (as per the Sex Ratio) State/UT Literacy Rate

Daman & Diu             618

Dadra & Nagar Hayeli 775

Chandigarh                818
NCT of Delhi               866
Haryana                      877

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